Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
12 June 2001
Also Known As: BrahMos-S and PJ-10
51% and Russia
BrahMos Aerospace and NPK Tekhmash
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Description: The BrahMos is a long-range, supersonic, anti-ship missile developed by BrahMos Aerospace Private Limited a joint venture company established in Febraury 1998 between Russian NPO Mashinostroyenia and the Indian Ministry of Defense Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO). BrahMos acronym comes from the rivers Brahmaputra of India and the Moscow of Russia. The first flight test involving BrahMos anti-ship missile was carried out on June12, 2001, in the Interim Test Range in the state of Orissa, India. India and Russia expect to sell at least 1,000 to 2,000 missiles to export customers in the 2010-2020 timeframe. As of February 2007, BrahMos had performed 13 missile flight tests. As of September 2008, Indian plans class for the procurement of 1,000 missiles by 2020.
The BrahMos missile complex is based upon Yakhont supersonic cruise missile developed by NPO Mashinostroyenia of Russia. Designed with operational flexibility in mind, the BrahMos missile can be launched from either surface ships, submarines, airborne platforms, underground silos and/or Tractor-Erector-Launcher trucks. Moreover, the missile accepts both vertical and inclined launch. In addition to its anti-ship primary role, the missile is being developed to engage land targets as well. The Indian Armed Forces plans for the deployment of BrahMos missiles within the Navy, Army and Air Force.
The naval variant of BrahMos missile system was first deployed by the Indian Navy onboard INS Rajput in September 2005. The ship received four BrahMos anti-ship missiles mounted on two twin-missile canisters. According to the Indian Navy, the BrahMos was scheduled for installation on all five Kashin II-class guided-missile destroyers with four missiles per ship. The BrahMos missiles provided to the Indian Navy can engage both ships and land targets. In the near future, a built-in high speed data-link will provide in-flight re-targeting capability to the BrahMos missile. Therefore, the Indian Navy's maritime patrol aircraft, Heron II UAV and Ka-31 early warning helicopter would be able to provide terminal guidance clues to the missile while in-flight. According to Indian press, BrahMos production series started in Indian by March 2006. Integration of the BrahMos missile on an Indian Navy's Kilo-class modified submarine may be conducted between November 2007 and February 2008. The Russian Amur-class submarines are BrahMos missile capable from its inception. In fact, Russia has already deployed the BrahMos missile in the Amur-class submarines.
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