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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: 15A18M, RS-20V Voyevoda and SS-18 Satan III
NPO Energomash and Yuzhnoye* (*) lead contractor
Parent System: R-36M
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Family Members: R-36M
and R-36M UTTH
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Description: The R-36M is an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by the Soviet Union to counter American MIRVed (Multiple Independently targetable Re-entry Vehicle) Minuteman ICBMs. Up to 10 warheads can be carried by a single R-36M ballistic missile at ranges of more than 10,000 kilometers. More than 300 R-36M ballistic missiles were deployed beginning in 1975 through the early 1990s when the Soviet Union disintegrated. The Russian Federation dismantled the major part of its R-36M ICBMs with around 120 missiles deployed and fully serviceable with its Nuclear Strategic Forces in the mid-2000s. Despite early assessments of START II forced MIRVed missiles to withdrawal before 2007, current reports suggest that Russia will retain the R-36M in service until 2015 and beyond.
The R-36M propulsion system consists of two liquid-propellant stages with some improvements over the original R-36 design. The R-36M replaced the R-36 (SS-9) ICBMs and in fact were homed at R-36s' underground silos. Between the early 1970s and late 1980s at least six variants of the R-36M missile were tested and three of them deployed with other variants developed and tested but not deployed. The MIRVed variants of the R-36M missile are equipped with warhead yielding between 550 and 1,300 kilotons. The single warhead variants are equipped with a massive nuclear warhead yielding between 18 and 25 megatons.
The R-36M2 is a MIRVed version introduced in 1990 with an estimated range of 16,000 kilometers carrying 10 nuclear warheads. Each nuke yields 750 kilotons and features an improved accuracy with an estimated Circular Error Probable (CEP) of 250 meters compared to 500 meters on the R-36M missile. The United States (US) Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and NATO refer to this missile as SS-18 Satan III, both Soviet Union and USA agreed on RS-20V Voevoda or Voyevoda designation while its Soviet industrial code is 15A18M. It was deployed by the Soviet Union beginning in 1990 to pierce anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) defenses. As of early 2009, the R-36M2 missile remains on combat duty with the Russian Strategic Forces and might be phased out by 2020 due to its 31-year service life. The RS-24 is its most likely replacement.
Number of Stages: 2
Number of Warheads: 10
Diameter: 3 meter (118 inch)
Length: 34.3 meter (1,350 inch)
CEP: 500 meter
Max Range: 16,000 kilometer (8,639 nautical mile)
Service Life: 31 year
Warhead: 8,800 kilogram (19,400 pound)
Weight: 211 ton (465,168 pound)
Yield: 7.50 megaton
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
There are 11 news between
17 Dec 2010 and 30 Oct 2019
Wednesday, October 30, 2019Russia to Deploy Sarmat Missile Starting in 2021Saturday, May 19, 2018Avangard Hypersonic Cruise Missile to Enter Service in 2019Monday, March 12, 2018Russia to Start Mass Production of Sarmat ICBMWednesday, September 7, 2016Russia May Deploy the RS-28 Sarmat Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Beginning in 2018Friday, April 22, 2016Sarmat ICBM Hypersonic Warhead Successfully Tested in RussiaFriday, December 26, 2014Russia's RS-26 Rubezh Road-Mobile ICBM ABM Killer to Enter Service in 2016Thursday, December 25, 2014Russia to Deploy Silo-Based Sarmat ICBMs by 2020Tuesday, December 17, 2013Russian Strategic Missile Force to Field Sarmat Heavy ICBM by 2020Friday, December 16, 2011Russia to Build 100-ton Silo-based, Liquid-Propellant ICBM to Penetrate US Missile DefensesMonday, December 20, 2010Russia May Develop SS-18 Satan Heavy ICBM Replacement by 2020
Operators & Related Equipment
|2009||88||R-36M UTTH and R-36M2|
|2008||75||R-36M UTTH and R-36M2|
Grand Total ?1
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