R-36M  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1975
Total Production: ?
Also Known As: 15A14, RS-20A and SS-18 Satan
Origin: Russia
Corporations: NPO Energomash and Yuzhnoye*   (*) lead contractor
Parent System: R-36M
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1975
Total Production: 300
Family Members: R-36M UTTH and R-36M2
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Description: The R-36M is an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by the Soviet Union to counter American MIRVed (Multiple Independently targetable Re-entry Vehicle) Minuteman ICBMs. Up to 10 warheads can be carried by a single R-36M ballistic missile at ranges of more than 10,000 kilometers. More than 300 R-36M ballistic missiles were deployed beginning in 1975 through the early 1990s when the Soviet Union disintegrated. The Russian Federation dismantled the major part of its R-36M ICBMs with around 120 missiles deployed and fully serviceable with its Nuclear Strategic Forces in the mid-2000s. Despite early assessments of START II forced MIRVed missiles to withdrawal before 2007, current reports suggest that Russia will retain the R-36M in service until 2015 and beyond.

The R-36M propulsion system consists of two liquid-propellant stages with some improvements over the original R-36 design. The R-36M replaced the R-36 (SS-9) ICBMs and in fact were homed at R-36s' underground silos. Between the early 1970s and late 1980s at least six variants of the R-36M missile were tested and three of them deployed with other variants developed and tested but not deployed. The MIRVed variants of the R-36M missile are equipped with warhead yielding between 550 and 1,300 kilotons. The single warhead variants are equipped with a massive nuclear warhead yielding between 18 and 25 megatons.

The basic R-36M is a MIRVed ICBM with an estimated range of 11,000 kilometers and equipped eight nuclear warheads each yielding 550-to-1,300 kilotons. The United States (US) Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) and NATO refer to this missile as SS-18 Satan, both Soviet Union and USA agreed on RS-20A designation while its Soviet industrial code is 15A14. Its development began in 1969 and was first put on combat duty in 1975 as the Soviet counterpart to US silo-based Minuteman missiles. The Russian Federation scrapped all existing holdings of the R-36M missile as of mid-2000s.

R-36M Applications


Space Systems Dnepr

R-36M Specifications

Number of Stages: 2
Number of Warheads: 8
Dimensions
Diameter: 3 meter (118 inch)
Length: 33.6 meter (1,323 inch)
Performance
CEP: 500 meter
Max Range: 11,000 kilometer (5,940 nautical mile)
Weight
Warhead: 8,800 kilogram (19,400 pound)
Weight: 210 ton (462,963 pound)
Yield
Yield: 12 megaton
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Operators & Related Equipment


OperatorsItems

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