Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: RS-12M, SS-25 Sickle and Topol
Parent System: RT-2PM
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1984
Total Production: 360
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Description: The RT-2PM, also known as Topol and SS-25 Sickle NATO-codename, is a three-stage, solid fuel, intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) designed to carry a single nuclear warhead. The road mobile SS-25 Sickle ballistic missile was designed to be mounted on all terrain vehicle for improved survivability in the event of an US nuclear strike. The all-terrain vehicle acts as Transporter Erector Launcher (TEL). It requires much more personnel and maintenance than silo-based ballistic missiles.
The SS-25 single nuclear warhead features a yield of 550 kilotons. In order to protect the reentry vehicle from future Anti-Ballistic Defenses (ABM), it carries an increased countermeasure payload over previous generations of Soviet ballistic missiles.
The SS-25/Topol missiles were modified to extend their service life. By 2015, they will be completely retired by the Topol-M ICBM and/or a new ballistic missile, currently in early stages of development, capable of piercing American missile defenses using an innovative approach.
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