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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation CASIC
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Description: The People's Liberation Army (PLA) YJ-12 is a family of air-launched, long-range, highly supersonic missiles designed to take out large surface ships, radar sites and ground-based targets protected by sophisticated air defense systems such as the US Navy's AEGIS weapon system. Its development started in the late 1990s or early 2000s under the management of China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation (CASIC). The missile's navigation system combines the Inertial navigation system (INS) with the Beidou satellite positioning system for the mid course with the terminal guidance carried out by an active radar seeker or an infrared imaging sensor. The propulsion system combines a solid fuel rocket booster and a liquid fuel ramjet to achieve Mach 3 or 4 top speed. The missile can be fitted with either a blast fragmentation or a penetration warhead depending on the mission profile. The YJ-12 is a heavyweight missile with two missiles carried by the new H-6K bomber and only one on the JH-7B attack aircraft. The YJ-12 missile leverages some technologies from the Soviet Kh-15 Mach 5 cruise missile of the 1980s. The PLA may put into service this new missile family in the 2015-2020 timeframe.
The YJ-12 anti-ship missile has a range of 250 to 300 kilometers or up to 400 kilometers flying at very high altitude achieving speeds of Mach 3 or 4 depending on the launch altitude and flight path. For a maximum range of 400 kilometers the missile may be able to fly at an altitude of 40 kilometers. The 400-to-500 kilogram warhead guarantees that the ship is destroyed or disabled in the case of very large ships such as amphibious assault ships and aircraft carriers. The warhead actual weight may be of roughly 200 kg but the highly supersonic speed may increase its harming power to an equivalent of 400-to-500 kg. The terminal guidance relies on an active radar seeker. The YJ-12 anti-ship missile can be launched from PLA H-6G/K medium bombers and JH-7B fighter bombers. An early version of the missile could have been deployed by 2005 but this information remains uncertain.
Max Range: 400 kilometer (216 nautical mile)
Top Speed: 4 mach (4,782 kph)
Warhead: 500 kilogram (1,102 pound)
Weight: 2,000 kilogram (4,409 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
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4 Feb 2015 and 23 May 2019
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