Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: C-37B, G550 CAEW, G550 CAEW&C, GV-SP, HALO and U-4
Origin: United States of America
Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation
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Description: Gulfstream GV, which was introduced in 1997, is the successor to GIV and GIV-SP family of business jet introduced by Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation in 1985 and 1993 respectively. Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of General Dynamics. Twin-engine Gulfstream V was conceived to serve as an ultra-long-range business jet featuring the most sophisticated technology. In 2000 Gulfstream announced a further version with extended range called GV-SP which entered service in 2003 under G550 designation. G500 aircraft was introduced in 2004 as the follow-on to GV aircraft.
In 2001 Galaxy Aerospace Company was acquired by General Dynamics which added Galaxy Aerospace's Galaxy and Astra SPX business jets to the Gulfstream portfolio. Galaxy was re-designated as G200 and Astra SPX as G100. In 2002 Gulfstream launched G150 business jet to fill the gap between G100 and G200 capabilities. In 2003 Gulfstream announced that it was upgrading G300 and G400 business jets developed under GIV by adding technologies developed for GV and a new cockpit. The upgraded aircraft were re-designated G350 and G450 entering into service during 2005.
As of March 2008, Gulfstream GV family consists of eight models available at the production line with a common high speed performance and differences in terms of cabin and aircraft range. G100 offers mid-cabin; G150 wide-cabin; G200 and G350 large-cabin and mid-range; G450 large-cabin and long-range; G500 and G550 large-cabin and ultra-long-range; and G650 ultra large cabin and ultra long range corporate jet. They can cover routes ranging from 2,700 to more than 7,000 nautical miles, cruising at speeds between 0.75 and 0.9 Mach, and carrying between four and up to 18 passengers.
Gulfstream G550 is a large-cabin, ultra-long-range business jet that belongs to the GV (G500 and G550) family. It is the first Gulfstream business jet featuring the Gulfstream Enhanced Vision System (EVS) as standard equipment which projects real-world infrared imagery on the head-up display. It also includes PlaneView cockpit developed by Gulfstream. The development began in 1999 as an advanced cabin project, thereafter evolved into a new business jet named the GV-SP. In 2002, GV-SP was renamed the Gulfstream G550.
The Gulfstream G550 introduces advanced aerodynamic improvements over GV business jet with a 250 nautical miles increase in range. Both GV aircraft, G500 and G550, are powered by two Rolls Royce BR710 turbofan engines rated at 15,385-lb of thrust. Taking off from New York (USA) the G550 jet spends 14 and half hours to Tokyo (Japan) flying at an altitude of 51,000-ft (15,000+ meters) high above commercial traffic, weather and adverse wind.
G500 can fly 6,750 nautical miles (12,000+ km) cruising at Mach 0.8 at altitudes up to 51,000 feet (15,000+ meters) while carrying between 14 and 18 passengers and a crew of two. The maximum seating capacity for G500 is 19 and the maximum speed for the G550 aircraft is 0.885 Mach. Both G500 and G550 jets share the same sophisticated technology with G550 being the most technically advanced aircraft. Besides G550 also outstands by its impressive range longer than those of any other business jet.
On August 28, 2003, the Israeli Ministry of Defense and Gulfstream Aersopace Corporation, a General Dynamics subsidiary, signed an agreement with a potential value of $473 million for the purchase of four Gulfstream G550 business jet and two additional aircraft as option. The contract also included logistics support for 10 years at $18 million and additional 10 years at $26 million as option. These aircraft will be the first military application of G550 intended for Compact Airborne Early Warning (CAEW) by the Israeli Air Force.
In July 2004, Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation, Elta Systems (IAI) and L-3 Communications formed a team to compete for the Republic of Korea E-X program. Their airborne early warning solution was based on the proven G550 business jet and will be fully interoperable with existing American and Korean systems.
In April 2005, General Dynamics announced that its subsidiary Gulfstream Aerospace delivered two new special mission G550 aircraft to the US Army and the US Navy. Each customer received one aircraft. The G550 aircraft ordered by the US Army and the US Navy, that are designated C-37B, will serve as secure, priority transportation to high-level government and military officials worldwide.
The German Aerospace Center (DLR) placed an order for a G550 modified to serve as an atmospheric research aircraft on February 16, 2005. The German G550 was dubbed HALO (High-Altitude and LOng-range) and delivery to the DLR is expected by 2008.
In June 2005, the Israeli Air Force (IAF) ordered a new Compact Airborne Early Warning & Control (CAEW&C) aircraft based on the Gulfstream 550 and developed by IAI's Elta Systems Group. The new platform, called the G-550 CAEW&C, includes a phased array radar, phased array IFF, Signal Intelligence (SIGINT), and a communications system. The communications system includes a data-link and satellite communication (SATCOM) system for secure high-speed connectivity with ground stations. The G550 CAEW&C aircraft was designed to operate in network-centric environment.
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