Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
20 December 2012
25 November 2009
Origin: United States of America
Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation
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Description: Gulfstream GV, which was introduced in 1997, is the successor to GIV and GIV-SP family of business jet introduced by Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation in 1985 and 1993 respectively. Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of General Dynamics. Twin-engine Gulfstream V was conceived to serve as an ultra-long-range business jet featuring the most sophisticated technology. In 2000 Gulfstream announced a further version with extended range called GV-SP which entered service in 2003 under G550 designation. G500 aircraft was introduced in 2004 as the follow-on to GV aircraft.
In 2001 Galaxy Aerospace Company was acquired by General Dynamics which added Galaxy Aerospace's Galaxy and Astra SPX business jets to the Gulfstream portfolio. Galaxy was re-designated as G200 and Astra SPX as G100. In 2002 Gulfstream launched G150 business jet to fill the gap between G100 and G200 capabilities. In 2003 Gulfstream announced that it was upgrading G300 and G400 business jets developed under GIV by adding technologies developed for GV and a new cockpit. The upgraded aircraft were re-designated G350 and G450 entering into service during 2005.
As of March 2008, Gulfstream GV family consists of eight models available at the production line with a common high speed performance and differences in terms of cabin and aircraft range. G100 offers mid-cabin; G150 wide-cabin; G200 and G350 large-cabin and mid-range; G450 large-cabin and long-range; G500 and G550 large-cabin and ultra-long-range; and G650 ultra large cabin and ultra long range corporate jet. They can cover routes ranging from 2,700 to more than 7,000 nautical miles, cruising at speeds between 0.75 and 0.9 Mach, and carrying between four and up to 18 passengers.
The Gulfstream G650 ultra-large cabin and ultra long range corporate jet was launched in March 2008 as the fastest member with the most advanced cockpit in the Gulfstream fleet. The new aircraft is expected to perform its maiden flight in the second half of 2009, be awarded FAA and EASA Type Certification in 2011 and enter into service in 2012. The G650 jet is capable of traveling 7,000 nautical miles at 0.85 Mach or 5,000 nautical miles at 0.90 Mach. Powered by two Rolls-Royce BR725 engines each rated at 16,100-lb at takeoff, it has a top speed of 0.925 Mach and a 51,000-ft ceiling to avoid adverse weather and airline-traffic congestion.
The G650 corporate jet will feature an enhanced cabin environment thanks to an spacious cabin allowing up to three to seat across with 16 28x20.5-in cabin windows and providing a cabin altitude of 4,850 feet at FL510 and 2,800 feet at FL410. Two Rolls-Royce BR725 engines along with the G650s advanced aerodynamics provide a maximum speed of Mach 0.925 and a maximum range of 7,000 nautical miles. The G650 is equipped with the advanced PlaneView II cockpit highlighting: four 14-inch LCDs; three PlaneBook computer tablets; and a fully automatic, three-dimensional scanning weather radar with an integral terrain database for efficient ground-clutter elimination.
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