Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: C-37A, G5 SEMA, GV and Umi Washi
Origin: United States of America
Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation
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Description: Gulfstream GV, which was introduced in 1997, is the successor to GIV and GIV-SP family of business jet introduced by Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation in 1985 and 1993 respectively. Gulfstream Aerospace Corporation is a wholly owned subsidiary of General Dynamics. Twin-engine Gulfstream V was conceived to serve as an ultra-long-range business jet featuring the most sophisticated technology. In 2000 Gulfstream announced a further version with extended range called GV-SP which entered service in 2003 under G550 designation. G500 aircraft was introduced in 2004 as the follow-on to GV aircraft.
In 2001 Galaxy Aerospace Company was acquired by General Dynamics which added Galaxy Aerospace's Galaxy and Astra SPX business jets to the Gulfstream portfolio. Galaxy was re-designated as G200 and Astra SPX as G100. In 2002 Gulfstream launched G150 business jet to fill the gap between G100 and G200 capabilities. In 2003 Gulfstream announced that it was upgrading G300 and G400 business jets developed under GIV by adding technologies developed for GV and a new cockpit. The upgraded aircraft were re-designated G350 and G450 entering into service during 2005.
As of March 2008, Gulfstream GV family consists of eight models available at the production line with a common high speed performance and differences in terms of cabin and aircraft range. G100 offers mid-cabin; G150 wide-cabin; G200 and G350 large-cabin and mid-range; G450 large-cabin and long-range; G500 and G550 large-cabin and ultra-long-range; and G650 ultra large cabin and ultra long range corporate jet. They can cover routes ranging from 2,700 to more than 7,000 nautical miles, cruising at speeds between 0.75 and 0.9 Mach, and carrying between four and up to 18 passengers.
Gulfstream GV/G500 is a large-cabin, ultra-long-range business jet aircraft offering superior performance in terms of range and speed. It is powered by two Rolls Royce BR710 turbofan engines each rated at 15,385-lb of thrust. Those engines allow G500 to fly 5,800 nautical miles (10,000+ km) at cruise speeds of Mach 0.8 and maximum speeds of 0.885 Mach, at altitudes of 51,000-ft (15,000+ meters). Its large cabin accommodates between 14 and 18 passengers.
In April 2005, General Dynamics announced that its subsidiary Gulfstream Aerospace delivered two new special mission GV aircraft to the Japan Coast Guard (JCG) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). Each customer received one aircraft. The JCG ordered two GV aircraft for maritime surveillance search and rescue to be delivered during 2005. The Japanese aircraft are dubbed Umi Washi meaning Sea Eagle in English. The GV ordered by the American NCAR will serve as High-performance, Instrumented Airborne Platform for Environmental Research (HIAPER) in behalf of public and private research.
On 23 May 2005, Gulfstream delivered a long-range, long endurance Gulfstream V (GV) equipped to perform as Special Electronic Mission Aircraft (SEMA) replacing three aging Boeing 707 in the Israeli Air Force. A second GV SEMA aircraft is expected to be delivered in 2006. The Israel Air Force accepted the G5 SEMA at a ceremony held on 26 June 2005. The original contract development and production was awarded in November 2001. Lockheed-Martin, Garrett Aviation, IAI' Elta Systems Group and BEDEK Aviation Group were involved along with Gulfstream in this project.
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