Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Origin: United States of America
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Description: The Hawker is a family of twin-engine, midsize business jets capable of carrying ten people or more, including a two-man crew and eight passengers, on routes ranging from 1,500 to 3,400 nautical miles. This jet family features an spacious and luxurious cabin which provides outstanding passenger comfort while cruising at speeds between 0.78 and 0.84 Mach. The Hawker business jet was conceived by the De Havilland Aircraft Company in the 1960s as the 125 business jet. The 125 maiden flight was carried out in 1962 powered by Rolls Royce Viper 250 turbojet engines. The first production aircraft was ready in 1968 with De Havilland been bought by Hawker Siddeley Corporation and the125 re-named as the Hawker. To date, more than 1,500 Hawkers have been produced and operate with customers worldwide.
In 1971, the Hawker airframe was modified introducing a stretched fuselage, new Rolls Royce Viper 601 turbojets and improved aircraft performance. The new aircraft version was called Hawker 600. The Hawker 700 was a Series 600 version powered by TFE731 turbofan engines introduced by the mid-1970s. The more fuel efficient turbofans doubled the Hawker 700's range compared to its predecessor. In 1983, British Aerospace, which had merged with Hawker Siddeley Corporation, introduced the Hawker Series 800. In 1993, Raytheon Company purchased British Aerospace Corporate Jets. In 1994, Raytheon Corporate Jets merged with Beech Aircraft and the resulting company was named Raytheon Aircraft Company (RAC).
In 1995, RAC introduced an enhanced Hawker 800 version called the Hawker 800XP. In 2003, RAC introduced the Hawker 400XP light jet. In February 2006, FAA awarded type certification to the Hawker 850XP. In March 2007, Raytheon completed the sale of RAC to Hawker Beechcraft Inc. The Hawker 4000, originally known as Hawker Horizon, is a super mid-size jet due to enter service in 2007. The Hawker 750 is super-light-mid jet due to enter service in 2007. The Hawker 900XP is a re-engined version of Hawker 800 equipped with winglets and due to enter service in 2007.
The Hawker 800XPR is an upgrade program based on the Hawker 800XP mid-size business jet with improved performance and capability. The composite winglets effectively increase the wing aspect ratio to reduce lift induced drag. The upgraded aircraft is powered by two more powerful Honeywell TFE731-50R turbofan engines making the aircraft faster. Compared to its predecessor, it has greater range, better time to climb and faster cruise speeds. In addition, optional avionics, a newly stylized interior and XPR custom paint designs are available. The Hawker 800XPR was announced at NBAA 2010, its development started in December 2010 and is expected to receive FAA type certification in 2011.
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