Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Hawker 125-800, Hawker 800, Hawker 800XPi, Hawker 850XP and U-125A
Origin: United States of America
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Description: The Hawker is a family of twin-engine, midsize business jets capable of carrying ten people or more, including a two-man crew and eight passengers, on routes ranging from 1,500 to 3,400 nautical miles. This jet family features an spacious and luxurious cabin which provides outstanding passenger comfort while cruising at speeds between 0.78 and 0.84 Mach. The Hawker business jet was conceived by the De Havilland Aircraft Company in the 1960s as the 125 business jet. The 125 maiden flight was carried out in 1962 powered by Rolls Royce Viper 250 turbojet engines. The first production aircraft was ready in 1968 with De Havilland been bought by Hawker Siddeley Corporation and the125 re-named as the Hawker. To date, more than 1,500 Hawkers have been produced and operate with customers worldwide.
In 1971, the Hawker airframe was modified introducing a stretched fuselage, new Rolls Royce Viper 601 turbojets and improved aircraft performance. The new aircraft version was called Hawker 600. The Hawker 700 was a Series 600 version powered by TFE731 turbofan engines introduced by the mid-1970s. The more fuel efficient turbofans doubled the Hawker 700's range compared to its predecessor. In 1983, British Aerospace, which had merged with Hawker Siddeley Corporation, introduced the Hawker Series 800. In 1993, Raytheon Company purchased British Aerospace Corporate Jets. In 1994, Raytheon Corporate Jets merged with Beech Aircraft and the resulting company was named Raytheon Aircraft Company (RAC).
In 1995, RAC introduced an enhanced Hawker 800 version called the Hawker 800XP. In 2003, RAC introduced the Hawker 400XP light jet. In February 2006, FAA awarded type certification to the Hawker 850XP. In March 2007, Raytheon completed the sale of RAC to Hawker Beechcraft Inc. The Hawker 4000, originally known as Hawker Horizon, is a super mid-size jet due to enter service in 2007. The Hawker 750 is super-light-mid jet due to enter service in 2007. The Hawker 900XP is a re-engined version of Hawker 800 equipped with winglets and due to enter service in 2007.
The Hawker 800, introduced in 1983, keeps the Hawker 700 cabin but incorporates a new nose, a new wing design with increased wingspan, increased fuel capacity and the latest avionics as well as other aerodynamic improvements. In 1995, RAC introduced the Hawker 800XP featuring strengthened airframe which provided increased payloads and the ability to carry full seating capacity and full fuel load. Overall, the Hawker 800s are the most successful series of Hawker jets with over 800 aircraft produced to date.
Basically, the Hawker 800XP is a midsize business jet capable of carrying a two-man crew and between eight to 15 passengers over ranges of up to 2,609 nm/ 4,800 km. The new model incorporated more powerful Honeywell TFE731-5BR engines rated at 4,660-lb, improved environmental system, in-flight capable Auxiliary Power Unit (APU), enlarged TKS de-icing fluid tank, aileron and tab gearing, standard thrust reversers, improved brake energy capacity, and a small 'vortilon' which provided a clean wing.
A militarized derivative of Hawker 800 intended for maritime and littoral surveillance was procured by the Japan Air Self-Defense Force (JASDF) as the U-125A aircraft. The U-125A is equipped with the APQ-2 radar system which includes Raytheon's APS-134 SeaVue. The Hawker 850XP is a mid-size jet belonging to the Hawker 800XP-series. The aircraft has a range of 2,700 nautical miles. The additional 100 nautical miles of range over Hawker 800XP are provided by RAC designed winglets. Hawker 850XP was certified on February 28, 2006, with the first customer delivery on March 31, 2006.
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