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Initial Operational Capability (IOC): May 1985
Maiden Flight: 1982
Total Production: 178
Also Known As: Y-12E, Y-12II and Y12
Origin: China
Corporations: Hafei Aviation Industry Company Limited
Parent System: Y-12
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1985
Maiden Flight: 1984
Total Production: 178
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Description: The Y-12 is a twin-engine, upper wing, light multi-purpose turboprop airplane fitted with a non-retractable tricycle landing gear designed and manufactured by AVIC Hafei Aviation Industry Co. Ltd. (HAIG) in China. The Y-12II first flew in 1982 and was awarded type certification from Civil Aviation Authority of China (CAAC) in 1985 Civil Aviation Authority of the United Kingdom (UK) in June 1990. The Y-12II first export order by Sri Lanka was finalized in December 1986. It has been designed to serve as a transport aircraft carrying 17-19 passengers and/or cargo for both civil and military customers operating from unprepared and short runways. The aircraft is being marketed by AVIC International and HAIG has developed and is developing several improved versions in addition to the basic model Y-12II. As of late 2010, more than 178 Y-12 aircraft have been sold to 23 countries including Chinese operators and export customers all over the world.

The Y-12IV is an upgraded variant that first flew in 1993 and features a maximum takeoff weight increased from 5,300 kg to 5,670 kg and a seating capacity increased from 17 to 19. The J-12IV incorporates winglets but retains the Pratt & Whitney PT6A-27 engines each rated at 620-shp and the Hartzell three-blade propeller. CAAC certification was awarded in July 1994. The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) awarded the type certificate in March 1995. The Y-12E is another variant equipped with a four-blade propeller and more powerful engines that first flew in 2001 and received the CAAC certificate in December the same year. FAA type certificate was awarded in August 2006. The Y-12E features improved performance in hot and high conditions and is equipped with PT6A-135A engines and four-blade Hartzell propellers.

The aircraft's design is optimized for short takeoff and landing (STOL) operations. In addition to the transport role, the aircraft can serve as ocean surveillance, VIP transport, troops transport carrying 15-fully equipped infantrymen, medial evacuation, parachute jumping and agricultural aircraft. HAIG is working on the Y-12F version featuring spacious cabin, longer range and higher cruise speed powered by PT6A-65B engines with five-blade propellers. The Y-12F is heavier and larger than its predecessors.

Y-12IV Specifications

Crew: 1
Number of Engines: 2
Passengers: 18
Propeller Blades: 3
Troops: 15
Cabin Height: 1.70 meter (67 inch)
Cabin Length: 4.82 meter (190 inch)
Cabin Width: 1.46 meter (57 inch)
Height: 5.67 meter (223 inch)
Length: 14.9 meter (585 inch)
Propeller Diameter: 2.43 meter (96 inch)
Wingspan: 19.2 meter (63 foot)
Ceiling: 7,000 meter (22,966 foot)
Landing Run Distance: 630 meter (2,067 foot)
Max Range: 1,310 kilometer (707 nautical mile)
Take Off Run Distance: 490 meter (1,608 foot)
Max Power at TakeOff: 1,240 shp (925 kW)
Climb Rate: 7.80 mps (1,529 fpm)
Cruise Speed: 260 kph (140 KTAS)
Flight Endurance: 5.20 hour (312 minute)
Baggage Capacity: 2.66 metric ton (94 cu ft)
Fuel Load: 1,230 kilogram (2,712 pound)
Max Baggage: 360 kilogram (794 pound)
Max Landing Weight: 5,400 kilogram (11,905 pound)
Max Takeoff Weight: 5,670 kilogram (12,500 pound)
Max Zero Fuel Weight: 5,188 kilogram (11,437 pound)
Payload: 1,984 kilogram (4,374 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Y-12IV News

There are 3 news between
16 Sep 2010 and 4 Apr 2011
Monday, April 4, 2011Y-12E Aircraft Awarded Type Certification in Venezuela
Sunday, September 19, 2010MERUKH Group Orders Two Y-12IV Airplanes from AVIC International
Thursday, September 16, 2010Sireca Places Order with AVIC International for 25 Y-12E Airplanes and Two H425 Helicopters

Operators & Related Equipment

Aircraft ordered by Air Fiji (5 = 2 J-12IV and 3 J-12II)
Aircraft ordered by the MERUKH Group (2 J-12IV)
Aircraft ordered by the Air Force (12)
Sri Lanka6
Aircraft ordered by the Air Force (6)
Aircraft ordered by Uganda in 2008 (2 Y-12IV)
Aircraft ordered by Sireca (25 J-12E)
Aircraft ordered by the Air Force (9)

Grand Total 6123
Propulsion Systems
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