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Also Known As: Pantsir-M and Pantsyr-ME
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Description: The Pantsyr or Pantsir (Shell in English), also known as SA-22 Greyhound by NATO, is a short-range, mobile, fully autonomous air defense system combining two 2A38M 30mm anti-aircraft guns and six-to-twelve 57E6-E ready-to-fire missiles in steered launch containers. The Pantsyr was designed to provide air defense to small-size administrative, industrial and military installations against air-to-surface cruise missiles, bombs and strike aircraft flying at medium altitudes. By default this weapon system is being offered mounted on an 8x8 truck but nevertheless can be mounted on tracked chassis and other ground platforms and fixed positions even on surface ships. So far this weapon system has been adapted to four wheeled vehicles and two tracked chassis. The fire control system comprises both a jam-resistant radar and electro-optical sight system and can fire both weapons (gun/missile) while on-the-move. All in this weapon system is highly effective to counter Western subsonic cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles in close proximity. This weapon system has been designed to engage up to 10 targets per minute which is paramount to counter saturation attacks employing UAVs or small cruise missiles. In addition to airborne targets, the Pantsir weapon system can deal with both ground and sea based threats such as crafts, manpower and armored vehicles. According to Russian press, the Pantsir-S1 was qualified and delivered to the Russian anti-missile defense in late 2004 and was thereafter sold to several customers worldwide.
The Pantsyr-M, also known as the Pantsyr-ME for the export market, is a ship-based air defense system derived from the Pantsyr-S1 ground based air defense system. The Pantsyr-M gun and missile weapon station is the replacement for the Russian Navy's Kortik air defense system. New classes of corvettes, frigates, destroyers and cruisers built in Russia will be provided with the new weapon system. The Pantsyr-M has a response time of 3-5 seconds and can engage and destroy simultaneously up to four targets at ranges of up to 20 kilometers. KBP announced that the Russian Navy would be taking delivery of Pantsyr-M air defense systems in July 2011. In September 2013, the Russian Navy announced its intention to deploy the naval version of Pantsyr air defense system on existing destroyers and other large warships by 2015.
The new missiles provided to the Pantsyr-M can engage targets flying as low as 2 meters of altitude or up to 15,000 meters while having a parabolic range of up to 20 kilometers. These missiles look like an enhanced version of the Pantsyr-S1's 57E6-E missiles with the same range but with the ability to engage targets at higher altitudes and very low altitudes. The Pantsyr-M guns can take out airborne targets at ranges of 4,000 meters and flying at up to 3,000 meters of altitude. The guns specifications are very close to the 30mm 2A38M cannon also utilized on the Pantsyr ground-based air defense system.
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