Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Parent System: Okno-M
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): July 2015
Total Production: 1
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Description: The Russian Ministry of Defense (MoD) Okno-M is a space surveillance system based on the ground in the former Soviet Republic of Tajikistan in Central Asia. It is based upon optoelectronic technology for the detection of space objects at a distance between 120 and 40,000 kilometers from Earth. According to the Russian MoD the Okno-M capabilities are four times greater than those of its predecessor, the Okno which was deployed in the 1980s in the Pamir mountains near the Afghan border. The fully automated space surveillance's sensors work solely at night detecting reflected sunlight from the objects. The whole system can operate without human intervention. The Okno-M surveillance system was set up in late 2014 and reached its full capacity by the end of July 2015 with the Russian Aerospace Defense Forces.
The previous Okno station detected and measured more than 10 million space objects, traced around�5,000 new high-orbital space objects, monitored 560 spacecraft orbit insertions, and recorded more than�200 maneuvers of�various-purpose foreign spacecraft since 1999. Before 2020 Okno-M will incorporate a new laser optical and electronic systems for detecting space objects. Space objects encompasses foreign military satellites, other spacecraft, space debris and natural astronomical objects.
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