Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
26 February 2009
RUB1.5 billion (USD$22 million)
Mints Radio Engineering Institute
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Description: The Russian Aerospace Defense Forces Voronezh is a family of long-range, early warning and surveillance radars designed to detect and track a wide range of threats such as ballistic missiles, aircraft and satellites. The Voronezh early warning system is capable of tracking up to 500 objects simultaneously and has been designed for energy efficiency. The Voronezh family is based on modular off-the-shelf radar technology. It comprises tens of modules that can be assembled in 12-24 months at a prepared concrete slab site. The modular approach of the Voronezh radar system makes them upgradeable and re-deployable to another area with ease. The radar family includes three variants: Voronezh-DM (4), Voronezh-M (2) and Voronezh-VP (1) . The first one entered into service in early 2009. Russia started construction of two more radars in 2016 in the Komi Republic and in the Amur Region. The tenth radar site construction is planned for 2017 in Murmansk Region.
The Voronezh-DM is an energy-efficient, long-range surveillance radar designed to track ballistic missiles at ranges of up to 4,000 kilometers operating on the Ultra High Frequency (UHF) band. Armavir, in Krasnodar region Southern Russia, is the first site equipped with the Voronezh-DM radar system. It was put on combat duty on February 26, 2009, replacing early warning radar sites in Mukachevo and Sevastopol, both in Ukraine. It is expected to go fully operational in October/November 2009 monitoring from Southern Europe to North African coast. A second radar in Pionerskiy, Kaliningrad region, went operational by the end of 2014 covering the whole of Europe including the United Kingdom (UK). Two more systems will be deployed by Russia before the end of 2016 based in Yeniseysk, Krasnoyarsk region, and Barnaul, Altai Territory. Two radar stations in the Komi Republic and the Murmansk region were expected to be operational in 2022.
The Voronezh-DM missile attack early warning radar is based on modular off-the-shelf radar technology. It comprises 23 modules that can be assembled in 12-16 months at a prepared concrete slab site compared to Soviet era missile attack radars consisting of 4,000 elements and needed more than five years (60 months) to assemble. Besides, the new missile attack radar system is far less expensive than Soviet-era analogs with the Voronezh-DM manufacturing and deployment cost estimated at 1.5 billion Rubles and an legacy Daryal-class radar estimated at 19.8 billion Rubles.
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