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Description: The Ariane launch vehicle family was developed to provide Europe with an independent space access capability. The primary target for the Ariane launcher are commercial satellites. The first Ariane 1 was launched in 1979 and since then Arianespace has strengthened its position becoming the world's leader in commercial launch services. The Ariane 1-3 were based on a three stages configuration comprising the L140 first stage powered by four strap-on Viking V engines, the L33 second stage powered by one Viking IV rocket motor, and the H8 upper stage powered by the HM-7 cryogenic engine.
The first Ariane 1 vehicle was launched in 1979 being available for commercial launches in 1984 and placing 14 spacecraft into orbit along all its career. It was capable of carrying a 3,968 lb (1,800 kg) payload to a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO).
Ariane 1 Specifications
Number of Stages: 3
Payload to GTO: 1,800 kilogram (3,968 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
Operators & Related Equipment
Grand Total ?1
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