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Description: The Ariane launch vehicle family was developed to provide Europe with an independent space access capability. The primary target for the Ariane launcher are commercial satellites. The first Ariane 1 was launched in 1979 and since then Arianespace has strengthened its position becoming the world's leader in commercial launch services. The Ariane 1-3 were based on a three stages configuration comprising the L140 first stage powered by four strap-on Viking V engines, the L33 second stage powered by one Viking IV rocket motor, and the H8 upper stage powered by the HM-7 cryogenic engine.
The Ariane 2 development began in 1980 aiming to place into orbit larger payloads than Ariane 1 launcher. It features a modified upper stage with an increased capacity for propellant (+10 tons) that was named the H10 instead of H8. This modification allows Ariane 2 to place payloads of 4,850 lb (2,200 kg) into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). The first Ariane 2 launch was in 1986 totaling 6 flight and placing in orbit 5 payloads.
Ariane 2 Specifications
Number of Stages: 3
Payload to GTO: 2,200 kilogram (4,850 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
Operators & Related Equipment
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