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Description: The Ariane launch vehicle family was developed to provide Europe with an independent space access capability. The primary target for the Ariane launcher are commercial satellites. The first Ariane 1 was launched in 1979 and since then Arianespace has strengthened its position becoming the world's leader in commercial launch services. The Ariane 1-3 were based on a three stages configuration comprising the L140 first stage powered by four strap-on Viking V engines, the L33 second stage powered by one Viking IV rocket motor, and the H8 upper stage powered by the HM-7 cryogenic engine.
The Ariane 3 received the same upper stage modification (H10) of Ariane 2 while introduced two solid propellant strap-on boosters for increases thrust. It is capable of carrying a 5,952 lb (2,700 kg) payload into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). The Ariane 3 program totaled 11 launches with 19 satellites carried into orbit. The first Ariane 3 was launched in 1984.
Ariane 3 Specifications
Number of Stages: 3
Payload to GTO: 2,700 kilogram (5,952 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
Operators & Related Equipment
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