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Description: The Ariane launch vehicle family was developed to provide Europe with an independent space access capability. The primary target for the Ariane launcher are commercial satellites. The first Ariane 1 was launched in 1979 and since then Arianespace has strengthened its position becoming the world's leader in commercial launch services. The Ariane 1-3 were based on a three stages configuration comprising the L140 first stage powered by four strap-on Viking V engines, the L33 second stage powered by one Viking IV rocket motor, and the H8 upper stage powered by the HM-7 cryogenic engine.
The Ariane 4 modular launch vehicle capitalized experience gained by Ariane 1-3 launchers. Six Ariane 4 versions were available to meet the requirements of many customers during the service life of this launch system between 1988 and 2003. Ariane 4 launch vehicles performed 116 launches carrying 182 payloads until their retirement. Using the flexible building block approach Ariane 4 was capable of carrying payloads weighing from 4,409 lb to 10,802 lb (2,000 kg to 4,900 kg) to GTO. It features a more powerful core launcher that can be equipped with solid and liquid propellant strap-on boosters depending on mission needs.
Ariane 4 Specifications
Number of Stages: 3
Payload to GTO: 4,900 kilogram (10,802 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
Operators & Related Equipment
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