There are 3 images added between 10 December 2007 and 8 November 2010
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 5 October 2007
Total Production: 6
Unitary Cost: USD$300 million
Also Known As: Constellation of Small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation
Origin: Italy
Corporations: Thales Alenia Space
Parent System: Orfeo
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2009
Total Production: 8
Family Members: Pleiades
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Description: The Orfeo is a dual-use (civilian and military) earth observation satellite network developed jointly between France and Italy. The system consists of 2 satellites equipped with advanced electro-optical payloads, known as Pleiades, being developed by France, and 4 satellites equipped with a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) , known as Cosmo-Skymed, being developed by Italy.

The Cosmo-Skymed satellites are intended to provide monitoring, surveillance and intelligence data during international crisis for military customers, and environmental surveillance of floods, fires, landslides, and oil spill as well as earth topographic mapping, law enforcement for commercial, civilian institutions and scientific communities. Each satellite will be equipped with one X-band multipolarimetric Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) that will provide coverage of areas with a maximum width of up to 520 km.

The Cosmo-Skymed satellites (Constellation of Small Satellites for Mediterranean basin Observation) will provide high resolution metric and sub-metric imagery through clouds, at night, with a revisit time of few hours. The 4 satellites constellation will acquire and furnish data worldwide.

The SAR sensor can work in four acquisition modes. Using the SPOTLIGHT mode the SAR scans with a resolution of one or less than a meter covering an area of tens of square kilometers. The HIMAGE (stripmap) acquisition mode provides a few meters resolution covering areas featuring a width of several tens of kilometers. The WIDEREGION, also known as ScanSAR, features tens of meters of resolution and swathes areas of hundreds of kilometers. Finally, the HUGEREGION acquisition mode swathes up to 520 km wide areas with a resolution of several tens of meters.

The first satellite was scheduled to be put into a sun-synchronous orbit in early 2005 and the last one (fourth COSMO-SkyMed satellite) was slated for launch in late 2006. Finally, the first satellite was launched June 2007 and the third spacecraft is scheduled for launch in 2008.

On December 21, 2004, the COSMOS-SkyMed procurement contract between the Italian Space Agency and Alenia Spazio (Finmeccanica) for the construction of the satellite constellation. The contract valued at 775 million Euro (approx. $1 billion) covers the three first satellites, with the contract for the fourth satellite worth 116 million Euro to be placed in a later date. Overall, the program will account for roughly 900 million Euro.

The Italian Ministry of Education will contribute to COSMOS-Skymed program with 620 million Euro and the Italian Ministry of Defense with 155 million Euro. The first satellite was delayed with the launch expected during the last quarter of 2006 while the whole system should become operational in 2008.

COSMO-SkyMed Specifications

Orbit: 619 kilometer (385 mile)
Service Life: 5 year (1,825 day)
Weight: 1,700 kilogram (3,748 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

COSMO-SkyMed News

There are 11 news between
8 Jun 2007 and 20 Oct 2014
1  2  
Monday, October 20, 2014Thales Alenia Space Signs Phase B2 Study Contract for Interface Between Cosmo-SkyMed and CSO Observation Systems
Wednesday, August 27, 2014Contract Signed for Next Phase of Second Generation COSMO-SkyMed Activities
Wednesday, March 26, 2014Poland Joins Second Generation COSMO-SkyMed Program
Thursday, December 16, 2010COSMO-SkyMed Constellation Fully Operational
Wednesday, March 17, 2010Brazil to Monitor the Amazon Using COSMO-SkyMed Satellites
Friday, September 25, 2009Italy Takes Delivery of COSMO-SkyMed Ground Segment
Wednesday, January 28, 2009e-GEOS, 4C sign Exclusive Strategic Alliance to Distribute COSMO-SkyMed Satellite Data
Friday, October 24, 2008Boeing Launches Third Italian Earth Observation Satellite
Saturday, December 8, 2007Delta II Rocket Launches Second Italian COSMO-SkyMed Satellite
Thursday, September 20, 2007Boeing Awarded Launch Services Contract for Third COSMO-SkyMed Satellite

Operators & Related Equipment


Grand Total 62

COSMO-SkyMed Spacecraft Listing

SerialCountry - Launch Rocket - SiteStatusLaunch DateOperationalRetired
COSMO-1 Delta II - Vandenberg Air Force Base7 Jun 20075 Oct 2007-
COSMO-2 Delta II - Vandenberg Air Force Base8 Dec 20072008-
COSMO-3 Delta II - Vandenberg Air Force Base24 Oct 20082008-
COSMO-4 Delta II - Vandenberg Air Force Base5 Nov 201016 Dec 2010-
COSMO-5 Delta II - Vandenberg Air Force Base20172017-
COSMO-6 Delta II - Vandenberg Air Force Base20182018-

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