Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
10 January 2015
8 December 2010
Also Known As: DragonLab
Origin: United States of America
Parent System: Crew Dragon
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 10 January 2015
Maiden Flight: 8 December 2010
Total Production: ?
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Description: The Crew Dragon is a free-flying, reusable spacecraft being developed by SpaceX under NASA's Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program. Its development started in 2005, the Dragon spacecraft is made up of a pressurized capsule and unpressurized trunk used for Earth to Low Earth Orbit (LEO) transport of pressurized cargo, unpressurized cargo, and/or up to seven crew members. In December 2008, NASA announced the selection of SpaceX's Falcon 9 launch vehicle and Dragon spacecraft to resupply the International Space Station (ISS) when the Space Shuttle retires. The $1.6 billion contract represents a minimum of 12 flights, with an option to order additional missions for a cumulative total contract value of up to $3.1 billion.
The Dragon spacecraft is comprises three elements: the Nosecone, which protects the vessel and the docking adaptor during ascent; the Spacecraft, which houses the crew and/or pressurized cargo as well as the service section containing avionics, the Remote Control System (RCS), parachutes, and other support infrastructure; and the Trunk, which provides for the stowage of unpressurized cargo and will support Dragon's solar arrays and thermal radiators. Dragon also provides facilities for in-space technology demonstrations and scientific instrument testing. Fully commercial, non-ISS Dragon flights are being carried out under the name DragonLab.
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