Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2012
Total Production: ?
Origin: Ukraine
Corporations: Alcantara Cyclone Space, National Space Agency of Ukraine, Yuzhmash and Yuzhnoye
Parent System: Cyclone
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1969
Total Production: ?
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Description: The Cyclone is a space launch system family derived from the SS-9 ballistic missiles and developed in Ukraine within the Soviet Union rule in the 1960s. These space rockets feature a fully automated, relatively short pre-launch procedure and high reliability. The Cyclone-2 space launch vehicle program was started in 1965 and the first rocket lift-off in 1969 logging 116 successful launches through 2006. The Cyclone-3 is a three-stage derivative of Cyclone-2 rocket and the program started in 1970. The last logged launch of a Cyclone-3 rocket occurred in 2004.

The Cyclone-2 (SL-10 and SL-11) was operated from the Baikonur Cosmodrome and Cyclone-3 (SL-14) operated from the Plesetsk launch site. The two-stage Cyclone-2 has a maximum take-off mass of 183 tones and can transport a 3.2t payload to a Low Earth Orbit (LEO). The three-stage Cyclone-3 has a maximum lift-off mass of 187 tones carrying a 3.6t payload to a LEO or a 0.6t to a Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO). Nevertheless, the propulsion system of these vehicles are not environment-friendly which pushed Kazakhstan to ban launches from Baikonur.

The Cyclone-4, currently under development, is the latest member of the Cyclone launch vehicle family featuring greater payload, improved engines, modern control system, and increased nose fairing. This three-stage rocket is being developed by Ukraine-based enterprises National Space Center of Ukraine, Yuzhnoye and Yuzhmash with foreign assistance from Russia. The advanced Cyclone-4 is intended to put payloads of up to 5,500 kg into LEO or 1,700 kg payloads into GTO.

The Cyclone-4 is based on the Cyclone-3 with the third stage with a 30 percent fuel increase. Brazil and Ukraine agreed to use Cyclone-4 rocket primarily to put satellites into LEO from the Alcantara Launch Center - located in the Atlantic Coast near the equator - through the joint venture Alcantara Cyclone Space. Cyclone-4 production is expected to begin in 2009 with the launch vehicle achieving full operational status between 2011 and 2014. Germany could be another potential customer for the new launch vehicle.

Cyclone-4 Specifications

Number of Stages: 3
Rocket Diameter: 4 meter
Max Lift-off Weight: 193 ton (425,485 pound)
Payload to GTO: 1,700 kilogram (3,748 pound)
Payload to LEO: 5,500 kilogram (12,125 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

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