There are 4 images added on 7 February 2016
GLONASS-M  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2008
Total Production: 33
Origin: Russia
Corporations: ISS Reshetnev Company
Parent System: GLONASS
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 12 October 1982
Total Production: 80
Total Cost: RUB10.0 billion   (USD$162 million)
Family Members: GLONASS and GLONASS-K
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Description: GLONASS (GLObal NAvigazion Satellite System) is a multi-channel navigation satellite network developed by the former Soviet Union beginning in 1976 to provide accurate geo-location and airspeed data to its strategic bombers and cruise missiles as well as target positioning for its ballistic missiles. Following the Soviet Union collapse the whole project was put on hold. In 2001 the Russian Federal government re-launched the GLONASS project with the goal to get the whole system fully deployed by 2010. The GLONASS global navigation system consists of 24 orbiting satellites of which 21 providing geo-location signals throughout the world and the remaining three spacecraft used as on-orbit spares.

Following a circular orbit at 19,100 km of altitude (25,470 km from Earth's core) with an inclination of 64.8-degree, each spacecraft has an orbital period of approximately 11 hours and 15 minutes. Each spacecraft also has a latitude inclination of 15-degree which translates into the satellites crossing the equator one at a time (24x15=360/full coverage). Using this arrangement, at least five GLONASS satellites and their positioning signals are available at any given place and time on Earth. GLONASS satellites are distributed into three orbital planes with eight spacecrafts per plane. Each satellite passes over the same place every eight sidereal days, but with each orbital plane containing eight satellites the next satellite will pass over the same place in a sidereal day.

GLONASS-M satellites are the second generation of GLObal NAvigazion Satellite System (GLONASS). The program was launched in 2001 by the Russian government with the goal to get a 24-satellite constellation on-station by 2010. The Indian government joined the program as a partner. In early September 2006 the Russian Minister of Defense, Sergei Ivanov, confirmed its country commitment to get the GLONASS-M fully deployed by 2010. The three first GLONASS-M spacecrafts were put into an orbit of 19,140 km of altitude on December 25, 2007. Global coverage of the new constellation is anticipated by 2009. The new navigation constellation will serve to the next-generation weapons such as Russian-made Kh-555 cruise missile and satellite-guided bombs. GLONASS-M has a service life of seven years and provides an horizontal positioning accuracy of 57-to-70 meters, vertical positioning accuracy of 70 meters and speed accuracy of 0.54 kph (15cm/s) with a signal time transfer of 1 micro-second (0.000001 second). The GLONASS-M with an accuracy of 2.9 meters was declared fully operational on April 23, 2014.

GLONASS-M Applications


Space Systems Proton M

GLONASS-M Specifications

Performance
Measurement Accuracy: 2.90 meter
Orbit: 19,140 kilometer (11,896 mile)
Positioning Accuracy: 70 meter
Time
Orbital Period: 11.3 hour
Service Life: 7 year (2,555 day)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

GLONASS-M News

There are 4 news between
12 Mar 2010 and 23 Apr 2014
Wednesday, April 23, 2014Russian GLONASS Global Navigation System Fully Operational
Wednesday, August 25, 2010BrahMos Missile System Using GLONASS for Aiming and Target Acquisition
Friday, May 28, 2010Trimble and Russian Space Systems to Form Satellite Navigation Joint Venture
Friday, March 12, 2010India and Russia Agree on $2.3 Billion Admiral Gorshkov Aircraft Carrier and GLONASS

Operators & Related Equipment


OperatorsItems
Russia33
YearHoldings
Apr 201418
Oct 201317There were 18 aircraft but one satellite (Glonass-M 728) broke down in orbit and was decommissioned in October 2013
Dec 201117
Oct 201012Three satellites were lost after liftoff December 5, 2010 and the two Glonass-M in reseve were put operational two days later
20096
20083

Grand Total 332
 

GLONASS-M Spacecraft Listing


SerialCountry - Launch Rocket - SiteStatusLaunch DateOperationalRetired
GLONASS-M 1 Proton M - Baikonur25 Dec 20072008-
GLONASS-M 2 Proton M - Baikonur25 Dec 20072008-
GLONASS-M 3 Proton M - Baikonur25 Dec 20072008-
GLONASS-M 4 Proton M - Baikonur14 Dec 20092010Oct 2013
GLONASS-M 5 Proton M - Baikonur14 Dec 20092010-
GLONASS-M 6 Proton M - Baikonur14 Dec 20092010-
GLONASS-M 7 Proton M - Baikonur2 Mar 20102010-
GLONASS-M 8 Proton M - Baikonur2 Mar 20102010-
GLONASS-M 9 Proton M - Baikonur2 Mar 20102010-
GLONASS-M 10 Proton M - Baikonur2 Sep 2010Oct 2010-
GLONASS-M 11 Proton M - Baikonur2 Sep 2010Oct 2010-
GLONASS-M 12 Proton M - Baikonur2 Sep 2010Oct 2010-
GLONASS-M 13 Proton M - Baikonur5 Dec 2010Jan 2011-
GLONASS-M 14 Proton M - Baikonur5 Dec 2010Jan 2011-
GLONASS-M 15 Proton M - Baikonur5 Dec 2010Jan 2011-
GLONASS-M 16 Soyuz-2 - Plesetsk3 Oct 2011--
GLONASS-M 17 Proton M - Baikonur4 Nov 2011--
GLONASS-M 18 Proton M - Baikonur4 Nov 2011--
GLONASS-M 19 Proton M - Baikonur4 Nov 2011--
GLONASS-M 20 Soyuz-2 - Plesetsk28 Nov 2011--
GLONASS-M 21 Soyuz-2 - Plesetsk26 Apr 2013--
GLONASS-M 22 Proton M - Baikonur2 Jul 2013--
GLONASS-M 23 Proton M - Baikonur2 Jul 2013--
GLONASS-M 24 Proton M - Baikonur2 Jul 2013--
GLONASS-M 25 Soyuz-2 - Plesetsk24 Mar 201423 Apr 2014-
GLONASS-M 26 Soyuz-2 - Plesetsk14 Jun 2014Jul 2014-
GLONASS-M 27 Soyuz-2 - Plesetsk7 Feb 2016Apr 2016-
GLONASS-M 28 ? - ?Jun 2016--
GLONASS-M 29 ? - ?Jun 2016--
GLONASS-M 30 ? - ?Jun 2016--
GLONASS-M 31 ? - ?2017--
GLONASS-M 32 ? - ?2017--
GLONASS-M 33 ? - ?2017--

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