Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2025
Maiden Flight: 2021
Total Production: ?
Origin: Russia
Corporations: Khrunichev Space Center*, NPO Molniya and TsAGI Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute   (*) lead contractor
Parent System: MRKS-1
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2025
Total Production: ?
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Description: The MRKS-1 is a modular, reusable space rocket system being developed by Russia to reduce the cost of launching satellites and other equipment into space. The MRKS-1 initial requirement will be complete by 2019. The space launching system development is scheduled between 2021 and 2025. The MRKS-1 is equipped with a reusable winged booster/first stage fueled by liquid propellant. The second stage would be expendable and is intended to launch the rocket into the stratosphere while the reusable stage would separate and glide back to Earth. The system also includes a disposable upper stage. Khrunichev Space Center, NPO Molniya and TsAGI are responsible for the new space launch system development.

The MRKS-1 is expected to be operated from the Vostochny space launch center in the Russian Far East. The reusable first stage will fly back to the launch area for horizontal landing on a Class 1 airfield. This layout will allow a high degree of reliability and safety while making booster impact areas unnecessary facilitating thus commercial operations. The wide range of payloads for the MRKS-1 can weigh up to 35 metric tons.

MRKS-1 Specifications

Crew: 0
Number of Stages: 3
Payload to LEO: 35,000 kilogram (77,160 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

MRKS-1 News

There is 1 news
on 20 Aug 2015
Thursday, August 20, 2015Russia to Develop MRKS-1 Reusable Space Launch System

Operators & Related Equipment


Grand Total ?1
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