Initial Operational Capability (IOC): September 2009
Total Production: 3
Origin: Russia
Parent System: Meteor-M
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): September 2009
Total Production: 3
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Description: The Meteor-M is a meteorological Low Earth Orbit (LEO) satellite series intended to boost the Russian Federation weather forecasting capabilities operated by the Federal Space Agency Roscosmos. The Meteor-M was also designed to cut the dependence on American and European weather data because Russia until that moment did not have any operational meteorological satellite. The spacecraft carries a Severyanin-M radar operating in the centimeter wavelength providing all-weather and round-the-clock data from an altitude of 830 kilometers. Besides weather forecast, these spacecraft provide data related to Earth's ozone layer and radiation conditions in the upper atmosphere as well as information on ice floe for maritime shipping in the polar regions. The first spacecraft, Meteor-M 1, was launched onboard Soyuz 2.1b rocket from Baikonur space center in Kazakhstan on September 17, 2009. Russia will need at least six Meteor-M satellites to cover all its territory before 2030 but up to nine satellites will be procured according to plans as of July 2014.

Meteor-M Specifications

Orbit: 830 kilometer (516 mile)
Service Life: 5 year (1,825 day)
Weight: 2,700 kilogram (5,952 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Operators & Related Equipment


Grand Total 31

Meteor-M Spacecraft Listing

SerialCountry - Launch Rocket - SiteStatusLaunch DateOperationalRetired
Meteor-M 1 Soyuz-2 - Baikonur17 Sep 2009Sep 2009-
Meteor-M 2 Soyuz-2 - Baikonur2010--
Meteor-3M Soyuz-2 - Baikonur8 Jul 2014Jul 2014-

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