Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2012
Total Production: 2
Unitary Cost: USD$200 million
Origin: France
Corporations: Airbus Group
Parent System: Orfeo
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2009
Total Production: 8
Family Members: COSMO-SkyMed
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Description: The Orfeo is a dual-use (civilian and military) earth observation satellite network developed jointly between France and Italy. The system consists of two satellites equipped with advanced electro-optical payloads, known as Pleiades, being developed by France, and six satellites equipped with a synthetic aperture radar (SAR) , known as Cosmo-Skymed, being developed by Italy.

The sun-synchronous Pleiades satellite being developed by France will be equipped with state-of-the-art optical sensors to furnish high resolution imagery. The sensor would allow access to an area with an estimated span of 890 km. The Pleiades satellites will replace the Spot 5 3D imaging satellite ensuring coverage of the same wide-swath while providing panchromatic and multispectral imagery. The maximum resolution will be 70cm across a 20 km swath. The data storage for Pleiades has been increased to 600 gigabits and the downlink data rate now reaches 450 megabits per second.

In October 2003, EADS Astrium was awarded a €314 million ($393 million) contract for the procurement of two Pleiades satellites to be launched in 2008 and 2009. Alcatel Space will supply the high resolution optical sensors and image telemetry.

Pleiades Specifications

Orbit: 619 kilometer (385 mile)
Service Life: 5 year (1,825 day)
Weight: 1,000 kilogram (2,205 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Pleiades News

There are 5 news between
9 Sep 2011 and 19 Mar 2013
Tuesday, March 19, 2013Pleiades 1B and Spot 6 Spacecraft Validated in Orbit and Delcared Operational
Saturday, December 17, 2011Soyuz-STA Space Launch System Places Pleiades 1A in Orbit
Wednesday, October 5, 2011Astrium and Eastdawn Sign New Pleiades Contract
Monday, September 19, 2011Astrium Signs new GMES Contract with ESA
Friday, September 9, 2011PASCO Corporation and Astrium Sign Contract for Pleiades Services

Operators & Related Equipment


Grand Total ?2

Pleiades Spacecraft Listing

SerialCountry - Launch Rocket - SiteStatusLaunch DateOperationalRetired
Pleiades 1A Soyuz-2 - Kourou17 Dec 20112012-
Pleiades 1B Soyuz-2 - Kourou2 Dec 201219 Mar 2013-

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