Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Starsem* and TsSKB Progress (*) lead contractor
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Description: The Soyuz Launch Vehicle evolved from Soviet R-7 Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) becoming a reliable and affordable space access asset for the Soviet Union and lately for Russia and international customers. Since 1966 a wide range of Soyuz models have performed more than 1,680 missions.
The Soyuz launched the first satellite and the first human into space. Currently, these vehicles are used to launch commercial and military satellites into space and for transportation of personnel and materiel to the International Space Station (ISS).
The Soyuz propulsion system consists of three stages or four stages including the upper stage. The first stage comprises four liquid oxygen and kerosene RD-107A boosters assembled around the central core. The first stage burns for 118 seconds. The second stage is located at the central core of the launch vehicle and comprises one RD-108A rocket motor that burns for 290 seconds. The third stage uses one RD-0110 motor and burns for 240 seconds.
The Soyuz-5 is a medium-class carrier rocket with a launch weight of about 270-ton and a 9-ton payload designed as the replacement for the Soyuz-2 rocket. The new space rocket will be powered by more eco-friendly fuel engines provided by Progress based upon liquefied natural gas. The Soyuz-5 flexibility will allow it to turn into a heavy-class rocket adding side blocks. The Soyuz-5 is not intended as a contender for the Angara rocket family which is under development within Russia as well. The Soyuz-5 draft design is slated for completion by the end of 2015 and first launch is scheduled for 2022.
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