Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
7 July 2016
Also Known As: Soyuz-MS
SP Korolev RSC Energia
Parent System: Soyuz
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
26 October 1968
28 November 1966
Family Members: Soyuz TMA
and Soyuz TMA-M
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Description: The Soyuz is a family of modular, expendable, spacecraft designed by the Korolyov design bureau, now called SP Korolev RSC Energia, for the former Soviet Union within its space program. It was developed in the 1960s as a replacement for the Voskhod spacecraft. The Soyuz spacecrafts are launched by the extremely reliable Soyuz family of space launch systems. The first unmanned mission was launched on November 28, 1966. Soyuz 1 was the first manned mission launched on April 23, 1967, and resulted with the single pilot dying during the landing. It was followed by Soyuz 2 unmanned mission and Soyuz 3 manned mission on October 26, 1968, which was the first successful mission carried out by the Soyuz spaceship. The Progress spacecraft are unmanned versions of the Soyuz used to service only cargo to space stations.
The first version called Soyuz A was introduced in 1963. Soyuz 7K-OK was the first operational spacecraft from 1967 to 1971. Soyuz 7K-L3 was intended to orbit the moon but did not enter active service. Soyuz 7K-T was operational between 1973 and 1981 with the Soyuz 7K-TM being only operational in 1975. The Soyuz T was operational between 1976 and 1986 being succeeded by the Soyuz TM between 1986 and 2002. The Soyuz TMA was introduced in 2003 and has been operational until present day. Soyuz spacecraft were used to carry cosmonauts to and from Salyut and later Mir Soviet space stations and other missions in Low Earth Orbit (LEO). Currently, these spacecrafts are used for transport to and from the International Space Station (ISS) with one of those vehicles docked at all times for a period of up to six months to be used as escape craft in the event of an emergency.
The Soyuz TMA-MS, also known as the Soyuz-MS, is a new modified version of the Soyuz TMA-M spacecraft. It features a more advanced computer called TsVM-101 and involves the replacement of 36 obsolete instruments by 19 new ones. The solar panels are more efficient and are fitted with photovoltaic converters. The docking and attitude control thrusters have been rearranged to allow docking to the International Space Station (ISS) with one thruster down. The new spacecraft could return to the Earth even if two thrusters failed. Besides, the Soyuz-MS is equipped with GLONASS/GPS navigation system compared with previous versions allowing ground crews to find the spacecraft after landing much faster. Other equipment supplied to the new Soyuz includes an advanced control radio link with a satellite communication channel as well as the Kurs NA automated docking system which is lighter and consumes less power than the previous one. The first launch of the new Soyuz-MS is slated for early 2016.
Soyuz TMA-MS Specifications
Cabin Width: 2.20 meter
Diameter: 2.72 meter
Length: 6.98 meter (22.9 foot)
Solar Panel Span: 10.7 meter (35.1 foot)
Orbit: 460 kilometer (286 mile)
Mission Endurance: 360 day (0.99 year)
Service Life: 360 day (0.99 year)
Max Landing Weight: 2,900 kilogram
Max Takeoff Weight: 7,220 kilogram (15,917 pound)
Payload: 170 kilogram (375 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
Soyuz TMA-MS News
There is 1 news
on 7 Jul 2016
Operators & Related Equipment
Grand Total 31
Soyuz TMA-MS Ship Listing
| Soyuz MS-01||-||7 Jul 2016||Jan 2017|
| Soyuz MS-02||-||Nov 2016||Jul 2017|
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