There are 2 images added on 8 October 2010
Soyuz TMA-M  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2011
Maiden Flight: 8 October 2010
Total Production: 20
Origin: Russia
Corporations: SP Korolev RSC Energia
Parent System: Soyuz
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 26 October 1968
Maiden Flight: 28 November 1966
Total Production: ?
Family Members: Soyuz TMA and Soyuz TMA-MS
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Description: The Soyuz is a family of modular, expendable, spacecraft designed by the Korolyov design bureau, now called SP Korolev RSC Energia, for the former Soviet Union within its space program. It was developed in the 1960s as a replacement for the Voskhod spacecraft. The Soyuz spacecrafts are launched by the extremely reliable Soyuz family of space launch systems. The first unmanned mission was launched on November 28, 1966. Soyuz 1 was the first manned mission launched on April 23, 1967, and resulted with the single pilot dying during the landing. It was followed by Soyuz 2 unmanned mission and Soyuz 3 manned mission on October 26, 1968, which was the first successful mission carried out by the Soyuz spaceship. The Progress spacecraft are unmanned versions of the Soyuz used to service only cargo to space stations.

The first version called Soyuz A was introduced in 1963. Soyuz 7K-OK was the first operational spacecraft from 1967 to 1971. Soyuz 7K-L3 was intended to orbit the moon but did not enter active service. Soyuz 7K-T was operational between 1973 and 1981 with the Soyuz 7K-TM being only operational in 1975. The Soyuz T was operational between 1976 and 1986 being succeeded by the Soyuz TM between 1986 and 2002. The Soyuz TMA was introduced in 2003 and has been operational until present day. Soyuz spacecraft were used to carry cosmonauts to and from Salyut and later Mir Soviet space stations and other missions in Low Earth Orbit (LEO). Currently, these spacecrafts are used for transport to and from the International Space Station (ISS) with one of those vehicles docked at all times for a period of up to six months to be used as escape craft in the event of an emergency.

The Soyuz TMA-M is an upgraded version of Soyuz TMA slated to enter service after 2010 replacing its predecessor carrying out space manned flights in support of the Russian Federal Space Agency. The spaceship's construction process has been improved to make it easier to manufacture. The Soyuz TMA-M will feature digital interior displays and updated docking equipment as well as the ability to stay in space for one year compared to six months for the Soyuz TMA spacecraft as well as increased payload through mass reduction of the onboard systems. Three flights have been scheduled to validate the design of the new Soyuz starting on October 8, 2010 with a flight to the International Space Station (ISS). The first two flights are development tests with the third flight planned as a qualification test.

The Soyuz TMA-M has replaced the onboard devices of guidance, navigation and control system (GN&CS) and onboard measurement system (OMS) by the devices developed on the basis of modern EEE parts and matured software. It also extends the functional capabilities of the vehicle with regard to the onboard system control from the onboard computers of GN&CS and provide deeper integration with the onboard computers of the International Space Station Russian Segment (ISS RS) when using a multiplex exchange channel. The electric power consumption has been also reduced dramatically. The temperature control equipment has also been updated. Externally, the new Soyuz keeps the same configuration of the TMA version. All in 36 obsolete devices were replaced by 19 new devices decreasing the vehicle's structure mass by 70 kg.

Soyuz TMA-M Applications

Space Systems Soyuz-Fregat

Soyuz TMA-M Specifications

Crew: 3
Cabin Width: 2.20 meter
Diameter: 2.72 meter
Length: 6.98 meter (22.9 foot)
Solar Panel Span: 10.7 meter (35.1 foot)
Orbit: 460 kilometer (286 mile)
Mission Endurance: 360 day (0.99 year)
Service Life: 360 day (0.99 year)
Max Landing Weight: 2,900 kilogram
Max Takeoff Weight: 7,220 kilogram (15,917 pound)
Payload: 170 kilogram (375 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Soyuz TMA-M News

There is 1 news
on 8 Oct 2010
Friday, October 8, 2010First Soyuz TMA-M Manned Transport Vehicle Launched from Baikonur

Operators & Related Equipment


Grand Total 201

Soyuz TMA-M Ship Listing

SerialNameStatusLaunch DateCommissionDecommission
Soyuz TMA-01M-8 Oct 2010-
Soyuz TMA-02M-8 Jun 2011-
Soyuz TMA-03M-Sep 20111 Jul 2012
Soyuz TMA-10M-26 Sep 201311 Mar 2014
Soyuz TMA-15M-23 Nov 20142015
Soyuz TMA-13M-29 May 201410 Nov 2014
Soyuz TMA-14M-26 Sep 201412 Mar 2015
Soyuz TMA-12M-28 Mar 201411 Sep 2014
Soyuz TMA-11M-Nov 201314 May 2014
Soyuz TMA-04M-Mar 2012Sep 2012
Soyuz TMA-05M-May 2012Nov 2012
Soyuz TMA-06M-Sep 2012Mar 2013
Soyuz TMA-07M-Nov 2012Apr 2013
Soyuz TMA-08M-Mar 2013Sep 2013
Soyuz TMA-09M-May 2013Nov 2013
Soyuz TMA-16M-Mar 2015Sep 2015
Soyuz TMA-17M-May 2015Nov 2015
Soyuz TMA-18M-Sep 2015Mar 2016
Soyuz TMA-19M-Nov 201518 Jun 2016
Soyuz TMA-20M-Mar 20167 Sep 2016

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