There are 6 images added on 21 August 2010
Soyuz TMA  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 26 April 2003
Maiden Flight: 30 October 2002
Total Production: 21
Also Known As: Progress, Soyuz 7K-L3, Soyuz 7K-OK, Soyuz 7K-T, Soyuz 7K-TM, Soyuz A, Soyuz T and Soyuz TM
Origin: Russia
Corporations: SP Korolev RSC Energia
Parent System: Soyuz
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 26 October 1968
Maiden Flight: 28 November 1966
Total Production: ?
Family Members: Soyuz TMA-M and Soyuz TMA-MS
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Description: The Soyuz is a family of modular, expendable, spacecraft designed by the Korolyov design bureau, now called SP Korolev RSC Energia, for the former Soviet Union within its space program. It was developed in the 1960s as a replacement for the Voskhod spacecraft. The Soyuz spacecrafts are launched by the extremely reliable Soyuz family of space launch systems. The first unmanned mission was launched on November 28, 1966. Soyuz 1 was the first manned mission launched on April 23, 1967, and resulted with the single pilot dying during the landing. It was followed by Soyuz 2 unmanned mission and Soyuz 3 manned mission on October 26, 1968, which was the first successful mission carried out by the Soyuz spaceship. The Progress spacecraft are unmanned versions of the Soyuz used to service only cargo to space stations.

The first version called Soyuz A was introduced in 1963. Soyuz 7K-OK was the first operational spacecraft from 1967 to 1971. Soyuz 7K-L3 was intended to orbit the moon but did not enter active service. Soyuz 7K-T was operational between 1973 and 1981 with the Soyuz 7K-TM being only operational in 1975. The Soyuz T was operational between 1976 and 1986 being succeeded by the Soyuz TM between 1986 and 2002. The Soyuz TMA was introduced in 2003 and has been operational until present day. Soyuz spacecraft were used to carry cosmonauts to and from Salyut and later Mir Soviet space stations and other missions in Low Earth Orbit (LEO). Currently, these spacecrafts are used for transport to and from the International Space Station (ISS) with one of those vehicles docked at all times for a period of up to six months to be used as escape craft in the event of an emergency.

The Soyuz TMA manned transport spacecraft derived from the Soyuz TM in accordance with intergovernmental agreements between Russia and the United States of America (USA). It is an integral part of the Orbital International Space Station (ISS) Complex providing rescue of the main crew of the station and delivering special visiting crews of up to three-man and small cargoes. Besides, Soyuz TMA spacecraft is also used for disposal of wastes from the station which are burned down in the atmosphere during descent. It is launched using the Soyuz FG rocket. As of August 2010, the Soyuz TMA program has involved 19 spacecrafts with the first 10-day mission test launch Soyuz TMA-1 on October 30, 2002, followed by the first flight mission by Soyuz TMA-2 on April 26, 2003.

The Soyuz spacecraft consists of three modules: orbital module, descent module, and service module. The orbital module at the forefront of the spacecraft is designed to accommodate the crew during their mission in orbit. The descent module in the inner position is also habitable and is equipped with a heat shield, brake and main parachutes along with solid-fuel braking engines mounted behind the heat shield that ignite at 1 meter above the ground to accomplish the spacecraft's landing. The service module contains the engines, solar panels and instruments. Both the orbital and service modules are destroyed during the re-entry into the atmosphere.

Soyuz TMA Applications

Space Systems Soyuz-2 Soyuz-U

Soyuz TMA Specifications

Crew: 3
Cabin Width: 2.20 meter
Diameter: 2.72 meter
Length: 6.98 meter (22.9 foot)
Solar Panel Span: 10.7 meter (35.1 foot)
Orbit: 460 kilometer (286 mile)
Mission Endurance: 200 day (0.55 year)
Service Life: 200 day (0.55 year)
Max Landing Weight: 2,900 kilogram
Max Takeoff Weight: 7,220 kilogram (15,917 pound)
Payload: 100 kilogram (220 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

Soyuz TMA News

There is 1 news
on 21 Sep 2010
Tuesday, September 21, 2010Soyuz Spacecraft New Digital C2 System Increases Payload by 70 kg

Operators & Related Equipment


Grand Total 211

Soyuz TMA Ship Listing

SerialNameStatusLaunch DateCommissionDecommission
Soyuz TMA-1-30 Oct 200210 Nov 2002
Soyuz TMA-2-26 Apr 200328 Oct 2003
Soyuz TMA-3-18 Oct 200330 Apr 2004
Soyuz TMA-4-19 Apr 200424 Oct 2004
Soyuz TMA-5-14 Oct 200425 Apr 2005
Soyuz TMA-6-15 Apr 200511 Oct 2005
Soyuz TMA-7-1 Oct 20059 Apr 2006
Soyuz TMA-8-30 Mar 200629 Sep 2006
Soyuz TMA-9-18 Sep 200621 Apr 2007
Soyuz TMA-10-7 Apr 200721 Oct 2007
Soyuz TMA-11-10 Oct 200719 Apr 2008
Soyuz TMA-12-8 Apr 200824 Oct 2008
Soyuz TMA-13-12 Oct 20088 Apr 2009
Soyuz TMA-14-26 Mar 200911 Oct 2009
Soyuz TMA-15-27 May 20091 Dec 2009
Soyuz TMA-16-30 Sep 200918 Mar 2010
Soyuz TMA-17-21 Dec 20092 Jun 2010
Soyuz TMA-18-2 Apr 201025 Sep 2010
Soyuz TMA-19-16 Jun 201026 Nov 2010
Soyuz TMA-20-15 Dec 20102011
Soyuz TMA-21 Gagarin-5 Apr 2011Sep 2011

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