Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Total Production: ?
Origin: Russia
Parent System: Start
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Total Production: ?
Family Members: Start
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Description: The Start is a family of lightweight solid-propellant launch vehicles developed on the basis of technologies, assemblies and units from the RS-12M/SS-25 Sickle road-mobile intercontinental ballistic missile. The Start launch vehicles are designed to launch small-size spacecrafts into low Earth orbits from Plesetsk and Svobodny Cosmodromes. The several stages (four or five) are fueled by explosion-proof composite solid-propellant. Following the vehicle-mounted RS-12M/SS-25 ballistic missile performance, the Start launch vehicles are stored inside sealed launch canisters and kept in the horizontal during pre-launch operations. The launch vehicle inside its launch canister is erected for the launch. The Start vehicle is ejected off the launch canister by pressure thanks to a gas generator and the first rocket stage ignites. The launch vehicle features autonomous inertial control system while the payload injection into orbit is assisted by an on-board digital computer and high-precision gyro-devices.

The Start-1 is a shortened and lighter version of Start launch vehicle designed to carry lighter payloads into space. Compared with Start, the Start-1 lacks the second rocket stage resulting in a vehicle's length reduction by more than 6 meters and launch weight reduction by 13-ton. The four-stage Start-1 launch vehicle can put into circular polar orbit the following payloads: 490 kg at 200 km of altitude, 370 kg at 400 km of altitude, 275 kg at 600 km of altitude, 185 kg at 800 km of altitude, and 105 kg at 1,000 km of altitude.

Start-1 Specifications

Crew: 0
Number of Stages: 4
Height: 22.7 meter (894 inch)
Rocket Diameter: 1.80 meter
Max Lift-off Weight: 47 ton (103,616 pound)
Payload to LEO: 490 kilogram (1,080 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

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