Start  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Total Production: ?
Origin: Russia
Parent System: Start
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Total Production: ?
Family Members: Start-1
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Description: The Start is a family of lightweight solid-propellant launch vehicles developed on the basis of technologies, assemblies and units from the RS-12M/SS-25 Sickle road-mobile intercontinental ballistic missile. The Start launch vehicles are designed to launch small-size spacecrafts into low Earth orbits from Plesetsk and Svobodny Cosmodromes. The several stages (four or five) are fueled by explosion-proof composite solid-propellant. Following the vehicle-mounted RS-12M/SS-25 ballistic missile performance, the Start launch vehicles are stored inside sealed launch canisters and kept in the horizontal during pre-launch operations. The launch vehicle inside its launch canister is erected for the launch. The Start vehicle is ejected off the launch canister by pressure thanks to a gas generator and the first rocket stage ignites. The launch vehicle features autonomous inertial control system while the payload injection into orbit is assisted by an on-board digital computer and high-precision gyro-devices.

The Start is a five-stage solid-propellant launch vehicle capable of delivering payloads ranging from 240 kg to 715 kg into circular polar orbits at altitudes between 1,000 km to 200 km respectively. Besides, Start can put into circular polar orbit a payload of 570 kg at an altitude of 400km, a payload of 450 kg at an altitude of 600km, or a payload of 340 kg at an altitude of 800 km.

Start Specifications

Number of Stages: 5
Dimensions
Height: 29 meter (1,142 inch)
Rocket Diameter: 1.80 meter
Weight
Max Lift-off Weight: 60 ton (132,275 pound)
Payload to LEO: 570 kilogram (1,257 pound)
Payload to SSO: 340 kilogram
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

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