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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
and United Kingdom
Parent System: Swarm
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 2010
Total Production: 3
Total Cost: USD$100 million
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Description: The European Space Agency (ESA) Swarm mission includes three satellites to investigate the Earth's geomagnetic field with the first launch due in 2010. EADS Astrium was awarded an 86 million Euro contract in mid-November 2005 for development and production of three Swarm satellites within 48-month. Swarm will focus on delivering the most detailed data yet on Earth's geomagnetic field and its temporal evolution. Swarm will replace Champ mission which is expected to conclude in 2008. Overall, Swarm is the follow-on to Champ and Cryosat magnetic field exploration satellites.
The Swarm constellation will comprise three satellites in three different polar orbits two flying side by side at a 450 km of altitude orbit and the third satellite at an altitude of 530 km. Using this layout ESA expects to access high-precision and high-resolution measurements of the strength, direction and variations of the Earth's magnetic field. Besides magnetic field measurements Swarm will provide precise navigation, accelerometer and electric field measurements. All in will provide a unique view of the Earth's inside yielding valuable data about its composition and processes of its interior.
Orbit: 530 kilometer (329 mile)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
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