ATR 72 ASW
Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: ATR 72 MP, ATR 72-600 TMPA, ATR 72-600 TMUA, MELTEM II and P-72A
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Description: In the early 1980s Alenia Aeronautica of Italy, a Finmeccanica company, and EADS/Airbus France founded a joint venture company, ATR (Avions de Transport Régional/Regional Transport Airplanes), to compete in the regional market with a new family of twin-turboprop passenger aircraft. The ATR 42 model entered service in 1985 followed by the increased seating capacity ATR 72 in 1989 all together these aircraft cover the range of 40 to 70 seats.
The high-wing ATR 42/72 family of aircraft provides high degree of passenger comfort, operational flexibility, spare parts commonality, and low operating costs while delivering outstanding performance. In 1996, ATR launched the -500 series aircraft which marked the beginning of a new generation ATR 42/72 characterized for savings in terms of training, maintenance operations, spare parts supply and cross crew qualification. In addition, existing ATR 42/72 aircraft can be converted into freighters - ATR 42 F and ATR 72 F - with a cargo door at the front of the aircraft or an optional large cargo door.
As of July 2005, more than 739 ATR 42/72 aircraft have been ordered from 125 operators in 72 countries with around 680 airplanes already delivered. The Pratt & Whitney Canada PW100 turboprop engine family is the primary motorization for the ATR 42/72 family with the latest variant the PW127 powering the newest ATR 72-500 aircraft. Wide use of composite in latest models has translated into reduced airframe weight and improved overall performance.
The ATR 72 ASW is a derivative of proven ATR 72-500 commercial aircraft integrating the same maritime patrol capabilities of ATR 42 MP in addition to Anti-Submarine Warfare (ASW) and Anti-Surface Warfare (ASuW) capabilities. The ATR 72 ASW can execute patrols with a mission radius of 600 nautical miles (1,100+ km) for more than 2 hours with a total mission endurance of roughly 9 hours. With a 200 nautical miles (360+ km) mission radius the airplane can remain on station for 7 hours.
A rotary sonobuoys launcher and a Magnetic Anomaly Detector (MAD) system for detecting diving submarines; chaff and flare for passive defense; two depth charges , A244S (4) or MU90 (2) torpedoes and torpedo launch mechanism to engage hostile submarines; and two AM39 Exocet anti-ship missiles to engage surface ships is the equipment loaded onboard the ATR 72 ASW including the equipment provided to the ATR 42 MP. Optionally, it can be outfitted with a Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)
In July 2005, Turkey signed an agreement with Alenia Aeronautica, a Finmeccanica company, for ten ATR 72 ASW airplanes valued at $219 million. Deliveries were slated to commence in 2010. In January 2009, Italy ordered four ATR 72 MP maritime patrol aircraft with deliveries to the Italian Air Force beginning in 2012.
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