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Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: An-12BK, Cub, Y-8 and Y-8D
Parent System: An-12
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1959
Maiden Flight: 1957
Total Production: ?
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Description: The Antonov An-12, NATO codename is Cub, is a four-turboprop, tactical military transport aircraft developed in the late 1950s by the former Soviet Union based on the An-10 turboprop aircraft. The aircraft is equipped with a rear ramp for quick load and off-load of cargo and personnel. It is powered by four AI-20K turboprop engines each developing 4,000-shp of power and driving a four-bladed propeller. The An-12 production ceased in 1973 paving the way for its replacement, the Ilyushin Il-76 turbofan-powered freighter. The An-12 was deemed as the Soviet counterpart to the NATO C-130 Hercules during the Cold War.
In 1968, China introduced its own version of the An-12 aircraft named the Y-8. The Y-8 transport was exported to Burma, Sri Lanka and Sudan and still remains in service. The Y-8 aircraft forms the backbone of the People's Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) medium-lift transport capability as the An-12 played the same role for the Warsaw Pact from the 1960s through the 1980s. The Soviet Union produced roughly 900 An-12s and China has produced several hundreds more.
Number of Engines: 4
Propeller Blades: 4
Wing Area: 122 square meter (1,310 square foot)
Height: 10.5 meter (34.5 foot)
Length: 33.1 meter (109 foot)
Main Gun Caliber: 23 millimeter
Wingspan: 38 meter (125 foot)
Ceiling: 33,500 foot (10,211 meter)
Ferry Range: 5,700 kilometer
Max Range: 3,600 kilometer (1,944 nautical mile)
Take Off Run Distance: 700 meter
Max Power at TakeOff: 16,000 shp (11,936 kW)
Climb Rate: 1,970 fpm (10.0 mps)
Cruise Speed: 670 kph (416 mph)
Top Speed at High Altitude: 777 kph (420 KTAS)
Cargo: 20 ton
Empty Weight: 28,000 kilogram (61,728 pound)
Max Takeoff Weight: 61,000 kilogram (134,480 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m) Kilometers (km) Nautic Miles (nm) Inch (in) Yard (yd) Foot (ft) Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb) Kilogram (kg) kN (KiloNewton) Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps) Kilometers per Hour (kph) Knot (kt) Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l) Galon (gl)
Year (yr) Minutes (min) Second (sec)
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21 Sep 2007 and 7 Mar 2019
Operators & Related Equipment
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