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Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1985
Total Production: ?
Also Known As: An-72 Coaler-A, An-72A Coaler-C, An-72AT Coaler-C, An-72P, An-72S Coaler-C, An-74 Coaler-B, An-74 Madcap, An-74-200, An-74MP, An-74T-100 and An-74T-200A
Origin: Russia
Corporations: Antonov ASTC and Kharkov State Aircraft Manufacturing Company
Parent System: An-74
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1985
Total Production: ?
Family Members: An-74TK
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Description: The twin-engine An-72/An-74, dubbed 'Coaler' by NATO, were developed by Antonov to replace the An-26 tactical transport aircraft in the 1970s. Key to its design its the many features introduced in this aircraft to maximize short take-off and landing (STOL) from rough airfields. Its primarily role is to conduct airlift missions as a light tactical transport aircraft. Nevertheless, its airframe is so flexible that it has been adapted to carry weapons and to conduct passenger transport assuming airliner role. This aircraft was purchased by both the Soviet Armed Forces and Aeroflot.

Externally, the An-72/An-74 can be easily identified because its two D-36 turbofan engines are mounted forward and above the wing. This configuration was chosen to maximize operations from short runaways because it provides considerably more lift. By the way, foreign objects damage is minimized. The landing gear also includes some improvements to withstand operations from rough fields such as low pressure tires.

The An-74/An-72 family of aircraft features a rear mechanized door and ramp for rapid loading/unloading cargo operations. It can carry up to 7.5 tons of cargo but this figure varies depending on the aircraft model. Typically, the An-72 designation refers to military applications of this aircraft, while An-74 are applications for the commercial market. The An-72/74, powered by D-36 series 2A engines, is an aircraft optimized for operations in cold climate supporting search and rescue, reconnaissance and transport missions.

The An-74 was developed on the basis of the An-72 retaining the majority of its awesome capabilities. Originally, the An-74 were intended to operate in extremely cold temperatures in the Arctic and the Antarctic where snow and ice are common. In fact, a ski-landing gear and de-icing equipment were developed to operate in these conditions. Nevertheless, there are An-74 models designed to conduct military operations such as the An-74MP or An-74 Madcap.

The An-72 Coaler-A was the prototype for the entire An-72/74 family of aircraft. The An-72A Coaler-C was the first production aircraft model. The An-74 Coaler-B was the first model intended for Arctic and Antarctic support. The An-72AT Coaler-C was a freighter evolved from the An-72A. The An-72S Coaler-C was a VIP transport with enhanced comfort. The An-72P is a maritime patrol aircraft equipped with a 23mm gun. The An-74 Madcap was an early warning and control aircraft fitted with a large rotating radome.

The An-74-200 is an advanced special-purpose freighter featuring increased gross weight, larger cargo capacity and extended range because it was powered by more powerful D-36 series 3A turbofan engines. The An-74T-100/-200A are freighters capable of carrying 10 tons of cargo and feature cargo cabin stretched up to 10.5 meters. The An-74MP aircraft provides maritime patrol, tactical transport and coastal surveillance.

An-74 Specifications

Crew: 4
Number of Engines: 2
Ceiling: 10,100 meter (33,136 foot)
Max Range: 1,450 kilometer (783 nautical mile)
Cruise Speed: 195 mps (702 kph)
Cargo: 10,000 kilogram
Max Takeoff Thrust: 28,660 pound (13,000 kilogram)
Max Takeoff Weight: 36,000 kilogram (79,365 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

An-74 News

There are 3 news between
10 Oct 2007 and 5 Aug 2009
Wednesday, August 5, 2009Russian Air Force Outlines Future Force Structure by 2020-2025
Monday, June 15, 2009Antonov and Marshall Aerospace to Develop In-Flight Refueling Capability for An-74 Aircraft
Wednesday, October 10, 2007Cuba Interested in Leasing of Antonov An-140 Airplanes

Operators & Related Equipment

201423Russian Air Force An-72 (17) and Russian Navy An-72 (6)

Grand Total 213
Propulsion Systems
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