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SA 321 Super Frelon  
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1966
Maiden Flight: 7 December 1962
Total Production: 150
Also Known As: SA 321F, SA 321G, SA 321GA, SA 321GM, SA 321H, SA 321J, SA 321JA, SA 321K, SA 321L, SA 321M, Z-8, Z-8A, Z-8AEW, Z-8F, Z-8JH, Z-8K, Z-8KA and Z-8S
Origin: France
Corporations: Airbus Helicopters and Harbin Aviation Industry
Parent System: SA 321 Super Frelon
Initial Operational Capability (IOC): 1966
Maiden Flight: 7 December 1962
Total Production: 182
Family Members: AC313, Z-18A, Z-18F and Z-18J
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Description: The Aerospatiale SA 321 Super Frelon was a heavyweight transport helicopter intended for both military and civilian customers and derived from Sikorsky's SE3200 Frelon helicopter design. This 13-ton helicopter is provided with a six-blade main rotor and five-blade tail rotor and is powered by three Turbomeca Turmo IIIC turboshaft engines developing 1,570-hp each and a cruise speed of roughly 250 kph. The military Super Frelon aircraft includes three variants: transport, anti-surface warfare (ASuW) and anti-submarine warfare (ASW). The military variant may include a 20mm cannon, a maritime surveillance radar, two Exocet anti-ship missiles and four A244S torpedoes. The maiden flight of the Super Frelon helicopter was carried out on December 7, 1962 and entered service with the French Armed Forces in 1966. The aircraft was sold to several countries worldwide including the People's Republic of China. China has produced locally the Super Frelon manufactured by Harbin under the Z-8 designation and powered by WZ-6 engines.

The SA 321G is an ASW variant ordered by the French Navy and equipped with maritime surveillance radar. The SA 321GA was an utility transport version for the French Navy. The SA 321GM was an export version ordered by Libya and fitted with radar. The SA 321H was the export version ordered by Iraq and also fitted with radar and Exocet anti-ship missiles. The SA 321F was a commercial variant for 37 passengers and the SA 321J and SA 321JA for 27 passengers. The SA 321K was a military transport version ordered by Israel. The SA 321L was a transport version ordered by South Africa. SA 321M was a search and rescue version ordered by Libya. The Chinese Z-8, Z-8A and Z-8F are transport versions powered by WZ-6 and PT6B-67A (Z-8F only) engines. The Z-8AEW is a special version fitted with an air surveillance radar for airborne early warning (AEW). The Z-8S and Z-8JH as well as the Z-8K and Z-8KA are search and rescue variants.

SA 321 Super Frelon Applications


Auxiliary Vessels Type 903A

SA 321 Super Frelon Specifications

Crew: 5
Main Rotor Blades: 6
Number of Engines: 3
Stretchers: 15
Tail Rotor Blades: 5
Troops: 38
Area
Main Rotor Disc Area: 281 square meter
Dimensions
Height: 6.66 meter (21.9 foot)
Length: 23.0 meter (76 foot)
Main Gun Caliber: 20 millimeter
Main Rotor Diameter: 18.9 meter
Performance
Ceiling: 3,150 meter (10,335 foot)
Max Range: 1,020 kilometer (551 nautical mile)
Power
Max Power at TakeOff: 4,710 hp (3,514 kW)
Speed
Climb Rate: 6.70 mps (1,314 fpm)
Cruise Speed: 249 kph (155 mph)
Top Speed at High Altitude: 275 kph (149 KTAS)
Time
Flight Endurance: 4 hour (0.17 day)
Weight
Empty Weight: 6,863 kilogram (15,130 pound)
Max Takeoff Weight: 13,000 kilogram (28,660 pound)
CEP: Circular Error Probable
Meters (m)   Kilometers (km)   Nautic Miles (nm)   Inch (in)   Yard (yd)   Foot (ft)   Millimeter (mm)
Pound (lb)   Kilogram (kg)   kN (KiloNewton)   Ton (t)
Meters per Second (mps)   Kilometers per Hour (kph)   Knot (kt)   Miles per Hour (mph)
Liter (l)   Galon (gl)
Year (yr)   Minutes (min)   Second (sec)
Shaft-Horse-Power (shp)

SA 321 Super Frelon News

There is 1 news
on 8 Dec 2009
Tuesday, December 8, 2009French Navy Orders Two EC225 Helicopters for Search and Rescue Missions

Operators & Related Equipment


OperatorsItems
China37
Super Frelon (13), Z-8A (6) and Z-8 (18)
France30
SA 321 (4), SA 321G (26)
Iraq16
SA 321H
Libya14
SA 321GM (6) and SA 321M (8)

Grand Total 1467
Defensive Weapons
A244Sx4
Offensive Weapons
AM39 Exocetx2
Propulsion Systems
PT6B-67Ax3
WZ-6x3
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