Initial Operational Capability (IOC):
Also Known As: Lynx Mk21A, Lynx Mk8, Sea Lynx, Super Lynx 300 and WG-13
Origin: United Kingdom
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Description: The GKN/AgustaWestland Lynx is a lightweight, twin-engine, multi-role helicopter designed to meet the requirements of the British Army and the Royal Navy for battlefield and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) missions respectively. The Royal Navy's Sea Lynx are also suitable to conduct anti-surface warfare (ASuW) missions employing anti-ship missiles. The Lynx helicopter family was ordered by the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Denmark, Brazil, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Oman and the Republic of Korea (RoK) as well as other operators. The basic Lynx helicopter was powered by two Rolls-Royce Gem 42 turboshaft engines but more recent upgraded versions are powered by two CTS800-4N engines. It entered service in 1976 and was successfully deployed for the first time during the Falklands conflict in 1982. The AW159 Lynx Wildcat, originally referred to as the Future Lynx, represents the most modern standard and was introduced in 2014.
The Royal Navy's combat-proven Super Lynx, also known as the Sea Lynx, ASW helicopter has been designed to operate from small-sized ships. To date, it has been selected by 15 navies worldwide and about 234 aircraft have been ordered. This shipborne helicopter can be fitted with radar, dipping sonar, FLIR, Sea Skua anti-ship missiles and a variety of torpedoes. The Super Lynx can perform anti-submarine warfare (ASW), anti-surface warfare (ASuW), search and rescue (SAR), and vertical replenishment missions at sea. The Super Lynx helicopters are in service with the navies of Denmark, Brazil, Germany, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Oman, Thailand, United Kingdom and many other countries. As of early 2005, the latest variant known as Super Lynx 300 was on order or in service with the Armed Forces of Thailand, Malaysia, Oman, South Africa (4) and the United Kingdom. The Super Lynx 300 is powered by two CTS800 engines produced by LHTEC, a Rolls-Royce and Honeywell joint venture. The majority of surviving Sea Lynx helicopters operated by the Royal Navy should be replaced by the Wildcat HMA by 2020.
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