FMS: Japan Next Patriot PAC-3 Missile Customer

Released on Tuesday, September 7, 2004
United States of America
MIM-104 Patriot
Patriot PAC-2
Patriot PAC-3
Standard SM-3 Block IA
DSCA - Defense Security Cooperation Agency
FMS - Foreign Military Sale
On September 7, 2002, the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) notified the US Congress of a possible foreign military sale (FMS) of Patriot Advanced Capabilties-3 (PAC-3) guided missiles to Japan as well as associated equipment and services.

The government of Japan has requested a potential sale of 20 Patriot PAC-3 (10 packs containing two missiles each) surface-to-air guided missiles, support equipment, modification kits, fire solution computers, publications, personnel training, spare and repair parts, supply support, US government and contractor technical assistance and other related elements of logistics support. The total value of this sale, if all options are exercised, could be as high as $79 million.

Japan is one of the major political and economic powers in Asia-Pacific region and one key element associated to the United States to bring and sustain the peace and stability of that region. The sale will help to start a co-production program of Patriot PAC-3 missiles in Japan. There are no known offset agreements tied to this potential sale. Lockheed-Martin is the contractor for the Patriot PAC-3 program.

The country's Self-Defense forces already operate the Patriot air defense system. PAC-3 will improve the overall performance of the system enhancing the kill capability against tactical ballistic missiles and the full spectrum of air threats. The new missile will boost a single Patriot battery capacity from the current four Patriot/PAC-2 missiles to up to 16 missiles of the PAC-3, which also means more targets to be addressed by a single system.

To date, the United States of America and the Netherlands have ordered Patriot PAC-3 missiles. Japan could become the third PAC-3 operator, if the sale is concluded. Recently, Japan sought the Standard Missile SM-3 via the FMS program, which leads us to think that is actively improving its military capabilities against ballistic missiles in the near term.


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